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Space Age To Surgery Equipment

Space Age To Surgery Equipment
Though robots were once the stuff of Star Wars and The Jetsons, commercially available systems have made robotic surgeries common in hospitals. Located just feet away from the surgeon, the systems are minimally invasive and offer surgeons better dexterity.

Department of Defense-funded scientists want to take that capability to the next level so surgeries can commence on battlefields with the surgeon's work being done by a robot that's miles........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/23/2006 6:48:06 PM)

Seeing the Invisible

Seeing the Invisible
By observing a rare head-on collision of galaxies at 10 million miles per hour, astronomers have made the first direct detection of "dark matter"--the mysterious, invisible stuff that comprises at least one-quarter of the universe.

Researchers have known for 70 years that there is much more mass in galaxies than can be seen. For example, spiral galaxies rotate at speeds that are only possible if the total mass of the galaxy is several times........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 8/23/2006 6:00:11 PM)

Serious Eye Infection With Certain Contact Lens Solutions

Serious Eye Infection With Certain Contact Lens Solutions
Scientists have additional information concerning the recent outbreak of the corneal infection Fusarium keratitis, which was linked to use of a specific contact lens solution, as per a research studyin the August 23/30 issue of JAMA. After preliminary findings from this investigation were released in May, the product was withdrawn from the market worldwide.

Among the estimated 34 million contact lens wearers in the United States, microbial........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/23/2006 5:19:53 AM)

Close-up on Cuvier crater ridge

Close-up on Cuvier crater ridge
This high-resolution image, taken by the Advanced Moon Imaging Experiment (AMIE) on board ESA's SMART-1 spacecraft, shows the young crater 'Cuvier C' on the Moon.

Click for high resolution image

AMIE obtained this sequence on 18 March 2006 from a distance of 591 kilometres from the surface, with a ground resolution of 53 metres per pixel. The imaged area is centred at a........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 8/22/2006 6:59:45 PM)

New Methods for Screening Nanoparticles

New Methods for Screening Nanoparticles
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a screening method to examine how newly made nanoparticles - particles with dimensions on the order of billionths of a meter - interact with human cells following exposure for various times and doses. This has led to the visualization of how human cells interact with some specific types of carbon nanoparticles. The method is described in a review........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 8/22/2006 5:07:15 AM)

First Direct Evidence For Dark Matter

First Direct Evidence For Dark Matter
Astronomers have discovered first direct proof that dark matter exists.

University of Arizona astronomers and their colleagues got side-on views of two merging galaxy clusters in observations made with state-of-the-art optical and X-ray telescopes.

"Nature gave us this fantastic opportunity to see hypothesized dark matter separated from ordinary matter in this merging system," said UA astronomer Douglas Clowe, leader of the study.
........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 8/22/2006 5:02:13 AM)

Insulin Resistance May Predict Diabetes

Insulin Resistance May Predict Diabetes
The body's decreased response to insulin beginning as early as age 13 may mean increased cardiovascular disease risk by age 19, according to research reported in Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association.

The finding indicates that the prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk factors and type 2 diabetes (both of which are related to obesity and are increasing as today's children reach adulthood) also are........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/21/2006 10:10:09 PM)

Major Strategic Breakthrough In Controling The Aids Virus

Major Strategic Breakthrough In Controling The Aids Virus
A team of researchers from the Universit de Montral and the Centre hospitalier de l'Universit de Montral (CHUM) have announced an important breakthrough in fighting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). For the first time, scientists have identified a defect in the immune response to HIV and found a way to correct the flaw. Dr. Rafick-Pierre Skaly, an eminent researcher in cell biology, immunology, and virology, has confirmed the........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/21/2006 9:50:13 PM)

Knitting Times

Knitting Times
Knitting - a harmless, straightforward, calming and contemplative activity. But what kinks develop when one knits not with ordinary wool, but with human hair?

Strong, shining and neatly-trimmed hair denotes strength, expresses individuality and exudes allure. This has been so at least since biblical times. In the Old Testament the supposedly invincible Samson was reduced to a weakling, when his beloved Delilah chopped off his hair as he........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/21/2006 5:04:06 AM)

Driving Australia's light metal dollar

Driving Australia's light metal dollar
CSIRO today launched a national research partnership aimed at positioning Australia as a technology leader in designing lighter car components - a key to making cars more fuel-efficient.

The new venture will also develop technology to make Australia competitive in manufacturing high-value titanium metal and metal products from the country's rich titanium ore deposits.

The Australian Partnership in Light Metals Research is the latest........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 9:54:05 PM)

A New Tool Against Brain Disease

A New Tool Against Brain Disease
University of Utah scientists isolated an unusual nerve toxin in an ocean-dwelling snail, and say its ability to glom onto the brain's nicotine receptors may be useful for designing new drugs to treat a variety of psychiatric and brain diseases.

"We discovered a new toxin from a venomous cone snail that may enable researchers to more effectively develop medications for a wide range of nervous system disorders including Parkinson's disease,........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 9:24:16 PM)

MIT ranks 1st in engineering

MIT ranks 1st in engineering
MIT ranks fourth among national universities, first in undergraduate engineering and second in undergraduate business programs, as per the 2007 US News & World Report guidebook, "America's Best Colleges." The rankings appear today online and the guidebook will be available on newsstands Aug. 21.

MIT shares the number four slot with Caltech and Stanford. Princeton, Harvard and Yale, respectively, are ranked the top three schools.

Among the........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 3:07:34 PM)

Deng Seeks Peace In Sudanese War Of Identities

Deng Seeks Peace In Sudanese War Of Identities
The seemingly simple question, "How a number of brothers do you have?" produces a soft chuckle from Francis Deng, a former Sudanese ambassador to the United States and now a visiting fellow at MIT's Center for International Studies (CIS).

"That is a good question. The answer will shock you," said Deng, who was born in the Abyei area of Sudan, an isolated area bordered by the Arab-influenced Muslim north and the African Christian-influenced........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 3:05:21 PM)

The Abbot's Compassion

The Abbot's Compassion
So Ferocious you are,

King of the forest;

As a killer, you are merciless;

It has become legendary;

Your fierceness and cruelty,

Everyone is well aware;

How ruthless a tiger is;........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 6:31:46 AM)

New Treatment For Dangerous Staph Infections

New Treatment For Dangerous Staph Infections
Duke University Medical Center researchers have demonstrated in an international clinical trial the effectiveness and safety of a new drug for treating bloodstream and heart infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus bacteria, a major cause of sickness and death worldwide.

Based on the trial, the Food and Drug Administration already has approved the drug -- daptomycin -- for treating heart infections and bacteremia, also known as bloodstream........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 9:25:16 PM)

Ocean Noise Has Increased Considerably

Ocean Noise Has Increased Considerably
With populations increasing around the globe in recent decades, no one would be surprised by an increase in the amount of noise produced in terrestrial environments. Now, a unique study involving researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, has shown that the underwater world also is becoming a noisier place, with unknown effects on marine life.

New research published in the recent issue of........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 2:46:45 PM)

Mannequin in Suit

Mannequin in Suit
"Attack of the Mannequins" might sound like a horror film title, but, for some shoppers, it could also be a documentary.

Diana Newton, 51, of Westminster sued the J.C. Penney Co. last month after she was allegedly thwacked on the head by a department store dummy.

Newton said she was ambushed by a legless female mannequin at the company's Westminster Mall store, a skirmish that left her with a bloodied scalp, a cracked tooth, recurring........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 9:06:26 AM)

Two-headed Snakes May Make Guinness Book

Two-headed Snakes May Make Guinness Book
With regard to snakes, there are Guinness World Records for the heaviest living snake, longest fangs and even one for sitting in a bathtub with the most live rattlesnakes.

In regard to multiple heads, there are Guinness records for the most heads of state together, most heads shaved in four hours and the most consecutive haircuts given in a day.

But a record that combines snakes and multiple heads? A record, say, for the largest exhibit........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 8:57:18 AM)

Wally Wood's 22 Panels That Always Work

Wally Wood's 22 Panels That Always Work
I'd seen "Wally Wood's 22 Panels That Always Work" around the net here and there for several years, always as a low-resolution scan of a copy that was clearly the product of dozens of generations of photocopies. As a comics fan and occasional artist who absorbed what little drawing skill I have by copying and tracing comics when I was a teenager, I found the juxtaposition in Wood's piece telling. Here was a working artist distilling his craft........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 7:43:33 AM)

Madonna faces arrest over concert stunt

Madonna faces arrest over concert stunt
The Hung Up singer could be arrested when she performs in Gera number of on Sunday if she goes ahead with the much-criticised routine.

Dusseldorf police have warned the singer that she could be in breach of their "insulting religious beliefs" law and they will be in the crowd ready to act if she attempts the stunt.

During her Confessions tour, the 48-year-old singer wears a crown of thorns and is hoisted on to a 'disco cross'.

While........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 7:13:03 AM)

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Pearl The Robot

Pearl The Robot
Pearl, the Nursebot, is a personal robotic assistant that could help more elderly adults and people with disabilities live independently. Developed by scientists at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh, the mobile robot could be used to prompt people with failing memories to take medicine or visit a doctor, to provide remote telepresence for professional careivers or to assist with tasks that would be difficult for people........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 8/23/2006 6:08:16 PM)

Handheld Computers Make Light Work

Handheld Computers Make Light Work
MIT students are helping bring science education out of the textbook and into the handheld.

Under the casually watchful eye of Eric Klopfer, director of the MIT Teacher Education Program, a roomful of students recruited under the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) is writing code for three different handheld (PDA) projects. All of them aim at making science, economics and other "dry" topics vividly interesting, interactive........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 8/23/2006 5:46:29 PM)

carbon fiber to make tiny video displays

carbon fiber to make tiny video displays
Engineers who develop microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) like to make their tiny machines out of silicon because it is cheap, plentiful and can be worked on with the tools already developed for making microelectronic circuits. There is just one problem: Silicon breaks too easily.

For decades, scientists have been trying to make video displays using tiny mirrors mounted on silicon oscillators. But silicon won't oscillate fast enough and........Go to the New-technology-blog (Added on 8/22/2006 7:58:18 PM)

Judging by the first looks

Judging by the first looks
We may be taught not to judge a book by its cover, but when we see a new face, our brains decide whether a person is attractive and trustworthy within a tenth of a second, according to recent Princeton research.

Princeton University psychologist Alex Todorov has found that people respond intuitively to faces so rapidly that our reasoning minds may not have time to influence the reaction -- and that our intuitions about attraction and trust........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/22/2006 6:49:37 PM)

Schizophrenics At Risk For Type 2 Diabetes

Schizophrenics At Risk For Type 2 Diabetes
Dissecting the relationship between schizophrenia and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes has physician-scientists reaching across the Atlantic Ocean.

They are looking at newly diagnosed schizophrenics in an upper-middle-class Spanish community to find whether the disease that causes patients to hear voices and smell, feel and even taste unreal objects also increases their risk of diabetes.

Scientists know the drugs that best control the........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/22/2006 5:11:00 AM)

Molecular Process Underlying Leukemia

Molecular Process Underlying Leukemia
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill has identified a molecular process in cells that is crucial to the development of two common leukemias.

The findings help explain how fundamental cell processes go awry during cancer development and represent a first step toward new, targeted treatments for leukemia.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) leukemias develop when certain........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/21/2006 10:20:49 PM)

Cost Of Treating Chest Pain In The Average Woman

Cost Of Treating Chest Pain In The Average Woman
Treating chest pain associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) could cost a woman more than $1 million during her lifetime; and even the chest pain associated with mild artery blockage (nonobstructive CAD) could reach $750,000 for an average woman, according to a study published in Circulation.

Chest pain symptoms may be the most important driver of women's cardiovascular healthcare costs, said lead study author Leslee J. Shaw, Ph.D.
........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/21/2006 9:56:49 PM)

Biologist Trying To Crack Microscopic Code

Biologist Trying To Crack Microscopic Code
The Bowling Green State University biologist wants to crack the communication code of proteins, especially the ones whose "talking" aids and abets disease.

"Proteins interact; they 'talk' to each other," the associate professor says. "It's how they know what to do, and it's how most of the things that need to happen for living organisms get done".

Over the past three years he has received $300,000 in funding from the National Science........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/21/2006 9:15:13 PM)

Bulls-eye For Antibiotic Target

Bulls-eye For Antibiotic Target
A Purdue University researcher has opened the door for possible antibiotic treatments for a variety of diseases by determining the structure of a protein that controls the starvation response of E. coli.

This research is applicable to the treatment of many diseases because that same protein is found in numerous harmful bacteria, including those that cause ulcers, leprosy, food poisoning, whooping cough, meningitis, sexually transmitted........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/21/2006 9:07:36 PM)

Hubble Sees Faintest Stars

Hubble Sees Faintest Stars
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has uncovered what astronomers are reporting as the dimmest stars ever seen in any globular star cluster.

Globular clusters are spherical concentrations of hundreds of thousands of stars. Seeing the whole range of stars in this area will yield insights into the age, origin, and evolution of the cluster.

These clusters formed early in the 13.7-thousand-million-year-old universe. The cluster observed by........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 9:44:03 PM)

Focus On Bullying Hotspots

Focus On Bullying Hotspots
In the battle against bullying, school officials and parents commonly focus on the behavior of the bully, but to get to the root of the problem, they also must look at the physical context of the school, says Ronald Pitner, Ph.D., school violence expert and assistant professor of social work at Washington University in St. Louis.

"Bullying behavior, and school violence more generally, typically occurs in predictable locations within........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 3:17:25 PM)

MIT-Beijing design studio plans for urban future

MIT-Beijing design studio plans for urban future
For five weeks this summer, a group of 20 MIT graduate students in architecture, planning and real estate joined with a dozen graduate students from Beijing's Tsinghua University to work together on issues of urban design and development in the context of China's breakneck modernization.

The work marked the 20th anniversary of the Beijing Urban Design Studio, a joint program between the schools of architecture and planning at MIT and at........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 3:11:31 PM)

Immune cells protect retina from damage

Immune cells protect retina from damage
Although some recent studies have suggested that inflammation promotes retinal damage in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), new work from Washington University ophthalmology researchers has found that a particular type of inflammation, regulated by cells called macrophages, actually protects the eye from damage due to AMD.

The researchers report in the Aug. 15 issue of Public Library of Science (PLoS) Medicine that in a mouse model of........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 2:21:33 PM)

A Different Kind of Buff

A Different Kind of Buff
A Different Kind of Buff.

Dave Moloney spotted these metal buff pieces on the lifts in The Meridian Hotel in Nice.........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/20/2006 6:37:35 AM)

Stellar Pinwheels At Our Galaxy's Core

Stellar Pinwheels At Our Galaxy's Core
Astronomers have finally learned the identity of a mysterious "Quintuplet Cluster" of stars situated near the supermassive black hole at our galaxy's core: At least two of the objects are not individual stars, but binary pairs that live fast and die young, forming fiery pinwheels as they spin around one another.

A multinational team led by Peter Tuthill of the University of Sydney in Australia, used the extraordinary resolution of the........Go to the Astronomy-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 9:12:53 PM)

Loss Of Just One Species Makes Big Difference

Loss Of Just One Species Makes Big Difference
Scientists at Dartmouth, Cornell University, and the University of Wyoming have learned that the removal of just one important species in a freshwater ecosystem can seriously disrupt how that environment functions. This finding contradicts earlier notions that other species can jump in and compensate for the loss.

Brad Taylor, currently a research associate in the department of biological sciences at Dartmouth, and colleagues studied a fish........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 9:08:12 PM)

Image of the Month August 2006

Image of the Month August 2006
Hlx knockout mouse embryo E17.5. The homeobox transcription factor Hlx is required for normal embryonic growth and may play a role in development of the enteric nervous system. Enteric neurons were identified by immunostaining in Hlx knockout and wild-type mouse embryos and the migration of neurons throughout development was compared.

Taken from: Bates et al., BMC Developmental Biology 2006, 6:33.........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 1:24:59 PM)

Ryanair threatens government over airport security

Ryanair threatens government over airport security
Ryanair today threatened to sue the government for compensation unless airport security measures are returned to normal within seven days.

Michael O'Leary, the outspoken chief executive of Ryanair, described the new restrictions as "farcical Keystone Cops security measures that don't add anything except to block up airports", as he issued the ultimatum.

At a news conference in London, Mr O'Leary, described as "nonsense" the increased body........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 7:54:30 AM)

Skin Cancer Fear Grows As Ozone Layer Gets Thinner

Skin Cancer Fear Grows As Ozone Layer Gets Thinner
THE ozone layer above Scotland is thinner than at any point in the last ten years, according to new research which has prompted fresh concerns over skin cancer rates.

Levels of ozone, which play a crucial role in helping to filter out harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun, were thought to be rising after the systematic banning of the CFC chemicals which were damaging it.

But now experts believe global warming is changing conditions in the........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 7:36:17 AM)

Lung Cancer Alliance Hails Court Decision

Lung Cancer Alliance Hails Court Decision
The Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA) hailed yesterday's court decision in United States v. Philip Morris USA, Inc. After a lengthy trial, a federal court in Washington, DC observed that major tobacco companies engaged in racketeering and conspiracy for decades in a massive scheme to addict people to smoking "without regard for the human tragedy or social costs" that resulted.

Laurie Fenton, president of Lung Cancer Alliance, hailed the court's........Go to the Media-blog (Added on 8/19/2006 7:25:10 AM)

   
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